It was estimated by Gartner, an IT research firm, that more than 20 billion devices would be connected to the Internet of Things by 2021. According to Business Intelligence, an aggregate of $4.8 trillion will be invested into the field Internet of Things between 2016 and 2021. App development and hardware will account for most of that spend, while the rest would be split between systems integration, data storage, security and connectivity. Opportunities in this domain have been increasing and will only keep on doing so on an exponential scale in almost every industry. From targeted advertisements for customers to agricultural sensors that measure soil acidity - machines are leading outputs with increased accuracy and efficiency which in turn has reduced the man-machine interaction disorganised gap.
Advantages for Mechanical Engineering students:
The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) has projected a 9% growth in positions in mechanical engineering from 2016 to 2026. The BLS has also stipulated that engineers involved in the latest advances in technology – like the IoT – will have the best prospects in the coming years.
- Ease of governing the machines: Mechanical parts are switched to being employed in the "operating through software" mode. Internet of Things would enable these software-driven mechanisms to be remotely controlled ensuring accurate operation of the machine.
- Field testing: For the field testing of the mechanical design, the IoT-enabled sensors can help the mechanical design engineers to fix the issues and efficiently improve the features further.
- Imparting value to digital twin technology: The IoT can become the backbone of the “digital twin” type of technology which contributes to a new mechanical engineering style, making new digital engineering innovation.
Accordingly, mechanical engineers must assess their design engineering based on “physical data” in the real world with “virtual data” with the help of the IoT. "In the near future, most human-intensive tasks will be accomplished by machines. Therefore, it becomes essential for mechanical engineers to up-skill themselves and gets acquainted with the IoT and machine learning", says Atharv Mane, a Mechanical Engineering Student who took Bolt's IoT and ML Training.
Advantages for Civil Engineering students:
- Preventive Maintenance Programs: IoT can be used for the prevention of breakdown. The different sensors can be used along with intelligent devices to anticipate the breakdown and hence putting preventive maintenance in place. These sensors can collect the data in real-time and then report it to the maintenance crew.
- Real-Time Construction Management Solution: The timely completion of the construction saves a lot of money, and brings efficiency to the system. Many tasks need to be completed such as tracking and measuring building supplies or tagging field equipment etc. The use of IoT can reduce the manual burden of tracking, measuring building supplies, etc by collecting relevant information in real-time and delivering it to the people concerned. It will also help the management and decision-makers to improve or correct the project’s course.
- Decision Making: IoT can be deployed to extract the insights of the places which are more complex and need a thorough understanding. For example, during the construction of a dam, there is a need to monitor the surrounding area for any stress that might be developing. It will help the decision making body for taking further decisions.